What is Infrared Warmth?
For those of you that want to know about our Panel Technology & Infrared please read on....
Infrared is one of the electromagnetic radiation components, which covers our universe and particularly our environment. Both a forest fire and the sun are natural transmitters of far infrared radiation (Infrared should not be confused with ultraviolet light, which can cause skin cancer and sun strokes).
Natural radiation has been studied for many years; Electromagnetic radiation is categorized in many different types of radiation. Looking at the "light and infrared" portion of the spectrum, we learn that light is divided into colors (red, green, blue...), the infrared spectrum is divided into 3 segments; Infrared "A", Infrared "B" and Infrared "C", each designator stands for a certain wavelength, or band. Each band has its own applications; industrial, agricultural, livestock or human health. One should be aware that the majority of infrared transmitters produce radiation in the "near", or short wavelength Infrared, moreover, none can claim to be operating at a wavelength of 10 micrometer or 10.000 Nm (*). The effective radiation is generally very weak and the transmitters operate at an internal temperature of several thousand degrees, 3,600º F (2,000° C) for traditional infrared lamps. The radiation can only be felt near the lamp, typically 12 to 36" (30 to 90cm); these lamps radiate in the visible part of the spectrum (dark red).Lexin operates at the opposite end of the spectrum, the "far" infrared; Lexin's transmitter is characterized as a "cold" transmitter, operating at 176 to 300º F (80 to 150º C), allowing it to radiate over a much greater distance.
The infrared waves on the panels that we use typically travel distances of 12 to 14' (3.5 to 4m), covering a large surface area, typically 23 to 29 square yards (20-25m²) per 1000W panel. Although all infrared technology emits light, in contrast to infrared lamps, the panels transmitters emit only invisible light. Under normal conditions, typical room temperatures are between 64 and 77º F (18 and 25°C). Certain panels can generate room temperatures as high as 140º F (60° C); these are called sauna panels.
Effects of "far" infrared on the environment: One of the benefits of far infrared is that it has a "disinfecting" ability, this manifests itself as the ability to kill infectious germs. Our infrared radiates in a uniform pattern, it works on the animals as well as the structure and hence, facilitates a complete cleansing of the environment (walls, cages etc..) while it homogeneously heats the entire space (25°C throughout the space). Physiological effects of "far" infrared: Far infrared has been widely used as heat treatment in physiotherapy; it has a relaxing effect on the body (relaxing which enhances both physical and physiological comfort) which is equally effective as the use of anti-inflammatory drugs. The infrared waves penetrate the skin tissue for several millimeters and stimulate the blood-flow, allowing for better blood penetration into the muscles.
With the panel technology we are able to produce long-wave invisible infrared light at a wavelength of 10µ (10,000nm). This is called the "far infrared". Under the control of a regulator, the panels typically operate at film temperatures in the 176-212º F range (80-100º C)
Because the panel produces infrared at a very long wavelength, the air resistance (collision with air molecules) is virtually nonexistent; hence the range is greater than with shortwave infrared. Because of this, nearly 100% of the waves produced by the panels are used to warm the walls, surfaces, floor, and other objects within the space. All surfaces exposed to the infrared are warmed up evenly. These in turn, will produce warmth which heat up the air in the room. The panels do not heat the air in a room, but the objects within provide for a pleasant ambient temperature.
(*) 10.000 nanometers. This wavelength allows the radiation "to undulate" (sway) through the air molecules; in other words, the air is "transparent" to the radiation at a wavelength of 10 micrometer or 10,000 nm (see electromagnetic spectrum chart). If the wavelength were shorter, it would bounce against the air molecules and, in turn would heat the air (at that point, the system would become convective like 99% of the systems known as "radiant" systems). It is this particular wavelength, which allows the radiation to travel long distances with a minimal energy input (all being relative, of course) making this the ideal medium for domestic or agricultural applications.